Open User Communication in Siemens Tia Portal – PLC to PLC

In this article, we discuss the PLC to PLC communication using open user communication in Siemens Tia Portal.

In Siemens TIA Portal, there are multiple ways of establishing communication between active or passive devices.

The communication between devices with different make & model is established using a method called “Open User Communication“.

The instructions that come under this method are listed below.

  • TCON               – Establish Communication Connection
  • TDISCON         – Terminate Communication Connection
  • TSEND             – Send Data via Communication Connection
  • TRCV               – Receive Data via Communication Connection

Using above instructions we can establish communication between PLC and any other Active / Passive Device.

The above instructions use TCP protocol for data transfer. The medium used is Profinet / Industrial Ethernet.

Open User Communication Configuration Steps

The below steps explains the procedure to do the PLC to PLC data transfer and receive using the open user communication method in Tia Portal.

Step 1:

Drag two CPU’s from TIA Catalog into Hardware Configuration of TIA Portal.

Create a connection as shown below figure.

Note that connection is not yet established.

Hardware Configuration of TIA Portal

Step 2:

Create a data block as shown below for data to be sent & stored in Local PLC.

Data sent & stored in Local PLC

Step 3:

To store the status data for instructions create data block with following structure & tags in PLC_1.

PLC GLOBAL_DATA_BLOCK_SEND

Step 4:

Now we will program for Local PLC_1.

Connect the parameters of Instructions ‘TCON’ as follows with the use of data block developed in Step 3.

TCON Instruction

Configure the TCON Instruction as mentioned in below figure –

Connection Type is selected as ISO-on-TCP

TSAP ID is auto-generated by the system.

TCON SEND CONFIGURATION

Connect the parameters of Instruction ‘TSEND’ as follows with the use of data block developed in Step 3.

TSEND Instruction

Connect the parameters for Instruction ‘TDISCON’ as follows with the use of data block developed in Step 3.

TDISCON Instruction

Step 5:

Now we will program for Partner PLC_2.

Create a data block as shown below for data to be received & stored.

Program for Partner PLC_2

Step 6:

To store the status data for instructions create a data block with the following structure & tags in PLC_2.

PLC GLOBAL_DATA_BLOCK_RECV

Step 7:

Now we will program for Partner PLC_2.

Connect the parameters of Instructions ‘TCON’ as follows with the use of data block developed in Step 6.

TCON Instance

Configure the TCON Instruction as mentioned in the below figure.

Connection Type is selected as ISO-on-TCP

TSAP ID is auto generated by system.

TCON RECEIVE CONFIGURATION

Connect the parameters of Instruction ‘TRCV’ as follows with the use of data block developed in Step 6.

TRCV Instruction

Connect the parameters for Instruction ‘TDISCON’ as follows with use of data block developed in Step 6.

DISCON Instruction

Simulation Steps

Step 1:

Now both the Local & Partner PLCs are ready for communication. Start the simulation for both PLCs and download the codes. 

Step 2:

For Establishing Connection (TCON), observe the output by making the following changes.

  • Change the parameter REQ to “TRUE” for CPU_2.
  • Change the parameter REQ to “TRUE” for CPU_1.  
TCON Simulation in Tia Portal

Step 3:

When the connection is established by TCON, the TSEND instruction shall send the data based on the Input Parameter ID.

PLC to PLC Send Data

Step 4:

At the same time, the TRCV instruction shall receive the data based on the Input Parameter ID.

PLC to PLC Data Receive

Step 5:

For Terminating Connection (TDISCON), observe the output by making the following changes.

  • Change the parameter REQ to “TRUE” for CPU_2.
  • Change the parameter REQ to “TRUE” for CPU_1. 
PLC to PLC Simulation Table

Pros & Cons

  • It is a secure method of data exchange between devices.
  • We can share a large amount of data compared to GET & PUT Instructions

Conclusion

We studied one of the methods to establish communication between PLC’s using TSEND & TRCV instructions in Open User Connection.

It is one of the secure methods of data transfer where connection can be established and terminated from both Local & Partner PLC using TCON & TDISCON instructions.

Author: NMG

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Open User Communication in Siemens Tia Portal - PLC to PLC

 
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