## Instrumentation Basics – Range Conversion Formula and Examples

In this article, you will learn the instrumentation basics and transmitter range conversion formula, and industry examples.

## Instrument Percent of Span Error

An important part of performing instrument calibration is determining the extent of an instrument’s error. Error is usually measured in

## How to do 4-20mA Conversions Easily

Generally it is possible to generate a “custom” linear equation in the form of y = mx + b for any linear

## Example of 3-15 psi to 4-20mA Conversion

A current-to-pressure transducer is  used  to  convert  a  4-20 mA  electronic  signal  into  a  3-15 PSI pneumatic signal. This particular

## PLC Raw Count Calculation for Pressure Transmitter

Every instrument has at least one input and at least one output. For instruments responding linearly, the correspondence between input

## 4-20mA Formulas and Examples

4-20 mA transmitter current output can be converted to the voltage within a specified range, from 0 to a maximal amplitude Vmax,

## PLC Analog Input Conversion Formula

For any unit conversion on any PLC, you can use four function math with the following for PLC Analog Input

## PLC Problems Troubleshooting

Troubleshooting PLCs can be started by checking the healthiness status of CPU, I/O Modules, Fuse Blow-out and different PLC Failure

## PLC Analog Input Scaling

An Allen-Bradley SLC500 programmable logic controller (PLC) uses a 16-bit analog-to-digital converter ( in its model 1746-NI4 ) in analog

## Raw Counts to Engineering Units : Conversion Formula

We need to convert sensor raw counts to engineering units in a PLC system. Convert Raw Counts to Engineering Units