PLC Controlling Sequence of Conveyors with Interlock

PLC Conveyor Interlock

 This is PLC Program for controlling sequence of conveyors and interlocking them.

Problem Description

A feeder drops material on the conveyor which sends material for further process through one more conveyor. Conveyor must start automatically when material is dropped. Implement PLC program for this application using ladder diagram language.

Problem Diagram

PLC Controlling Sequence of Conveyors with Interlock

Problem Solution

  • In this system we will consider S7-300 PLC and TIA portal software for programming.
  • Feeder has a motor mounted to feed material on conveyor belts.
  • Load cells are installed at the bottom of conveyor belts to detect if material is present on the conveyor belt.
  • When material falls on conveyor belt 1, motor 1 should start, and when material in present on conveyor belt 2, motor 2 remain ON.
  • Switches can also be used sometimes to detect material’s presence. But for more reliable operation, Load cells can be used as shown in the diagram above.

List of Inputs/Outputs

Inputs List

  • START PB :- I0.0
  • STOP PB :- I0.1
  • Load cell 1 :- I0.2
  • Load cell 2 :- I0.3

Outputs List

  • Cycle ON :- Q0.0
  • Conveyor 1 motor :- Q0.1
  • Conveyor 2 motor :- Q0.2
  • Feeder motor :- Q0.3

PLC Controlling Sequence of Conveyors with Interlock

PLC Conveyor Interlock
sequence of conveyors and interlocking
PLC Conveyor belt
PLC sequence of conveyors

Program Description

Network 1 :-

Cycle ON (Q0.0) lamp will start when START PB (I0.0) will be pressed and cycle can be stopped by pressing STOP PB (I0.1).

Network 2 :-

Feeder motor (Q0.3) will be ON when cycle is ON.

Network 3 :-

If cycle is ON and load cell 1 feedback is detected, conveyor motor 1(Q0.1) will be ON.

Network 4 :-

If cycle is ON and Conveyor 1 (Q0.1) or load cell 2 feedback (I0.3) is detected, conveyor 2 motor (Q0.2) will be ON.

Note :- Above application may be different from actual application. This example is only for explanation purpose only. We can implement this logic in other PLC also. This is the simple concept of conveyor logic and interlocking them, we can use this concept in other examples also.

All parameters considered in example are for explanation purpose only, parameters may be different in actual applications. Also all interlocks are not considered in the application.

Author : Bhavesh

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5 thoughts on “PLC Controlling Sequence of Conveyors with Interlock”

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