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PLC Tank Heating Control using Heater

PLC Tank Heating Control

This is PLC Program for heating liquid in the tank by heater.

Problem Description

Controlling heating process for the liquid in the tank. Implement PLC program for this application using ladder diagram language.

Problem Diagram

PLC Program for Tank Heating Control using Heater

Problem Solution

  • In this system we will consider S7-300 PLC and TIA portal software for programming.
  • In this system two sensors are used for level measurement in the tank, heater is used for material heating purpose in the tank.
  • We used temperature sensor (it can be RTD or thermocouple) also for temperature measurement in the tank.
  • Two valves are used for material inlet and outlet. Inlet valve is used for feeding the tank and outlet valve for discharging the tank.
  • If system detects low level, system will start to feed the tank. Feeding cycle will be OFF when tank will detect high level. After high level system will start heating process till set temperature.

List of Inputs/Outputs

Inputs List

  • START PB :- I0.0
  • STOP PB :- I0.1
  • Low level switch :- I0.4
  • High level switch :- I0.3

Outputs List

  • Inlet valve :- Q0.0
  • Heater :- Q0.1
  • Outlet valve :- Q0.2

Memory List

  • Master coil :- M0.0
  • Actual temperature :- MW12
  • Set temperature :- MW14

PLC Program for heating liquid in the tank by heater

PLC Logic for Heater 1 PLC Tank Heating Control PLC program for heating liquid heating liquid in the tank

Logic Description

Network 1 :-

Master coil (M0.0) will start when START PB (I0.0) will be pressed and cycle can be stopped by pressing STOP PB (I0.1).

Network 2 :-

When low level switch (I0.4) is detected, inlet valve (Q0.0) will be ON.

Network 3 :-

When high level switch (I0.3) is detected, heater (Q0.1) will be ON.

Network 4 :-

If actual temperature (MW12) is greater than set temperature (MW14), outlet valve (Q0.2) of the tank will be ON.

Note :- Above application may be different from actual application. This example is only for explanation purpose only. We can implement this logic in other PLC also. This is the simple concept of heating the material in the tank as per requirement in industry, we can use this concept in other examples also.

All parameters considered in example are for explanation purpose only, parameters may be different in actual applications. Also all interlocks are not considered in the application.

Runtime Test Cases

PLC Logic for Heater

Author : Bhavesh

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2 comments

Malvern Jones October 28, 2018 at 6:57 pm

The above example is a very crude example of “temperature control” as the temperature of the liquid will not be controlled at the set value. It will instead rise above the set point and fall below the set point.

The variation between the highest and lowest temperatures that will be experienced will depend on the power rating of the heater, compared to the cooling of the vessel. It true temperature control is required, then PID temperature control should be used in the program.

Reply
Jairo Francisco Oliveira Paula August 13, 2019 at 4:12 am

I have no experience but I would like to create simulator supervisors and use this example for academic purposes .. thank you very much

Reply

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PLC Tank Heating Control using Heater

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