Determine the LRV and URV points for a transmitter measuring water level in this vessel, with the DP transmitter located 10 feet beneath the vessel and connected to it with capillary tubing and a remote seal ﬁlled with silicone ﬁll ﬂuid (SG = 0.934).

## DP Transmitter Located 10 feet Beneath the Vessel

Be sure to show all your mathematical work so that your instructor will be able to check the conceptual validity of your technique(s).

A good way to check to see if you’re solving the problem correctly is to check that each and every one of your intermediate calculations (i.e. the results you get mid-way during the process to arrive at the ﬁnal answer) has real physical meaning.

If you truly understand what you are doing, you will be able to identify the correct unit of measurement for every intermediate result and also be able to show where that number applies to the scenario at hand.

**More Questions**

1. Demonstrate how to estimate numerical answers for this problem without using a calculator.

2. When calculating hydrostatic pressures, there are two common methods: one is to use the formula P = γh and another is to translate inches of vertical liquid height directly into PSI using the known relationship between water and PSI (1 PSI = 27.68 inches of water). Demonstrate both methods applied to this problem.

3. Identify some realistic situations that would justify the use of a remote seal on a pressure transmitter.

4. When using ﬁlled impulse lines (un-sealed), it is important to use a ﬁll ﬂuid denser than the ﬂuid inside the process vessel. Is this a requirement when using a remote (sealed) diaphragm?

5. Should the “low” side of the DP transmitter be vented or sealed?

6. What would happen if a technician inserted a pipe plug into the formerly open “L” port of the transmitter, sealing it oﬀ from atmospheric pressure? What would happen if the capillary tube developed a leak?

7. Explain why this level transmitter does not require a compensating leg.

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Credits: Tony R. Kuphaldt