Unstable & Drifting Values of Differential Pressure Transmitter Problem

Instrumentation engineering root cause analysis (RCA) of unstable and drifting values of differential pressure transmitter problems.

Article Type:Root Cause Analysis (RCA)
Category:Instrumentation
Equipment Type:Transmitters
Author:S. Raghava Chari

Note: This root cause analysis (RCA) is from real-time scenarios that happened in industries during the tenure of two or three decades ago. These articles will help you to improve your troubleshooting skills and knowledge.

Drifting Values of Differential Pressure Transmitter

The instrument contractor just calibrated and installed the pneumatic DPTs at their location.

The author who joined the plant a few days ago only insisted at least 10% DPTs static pressure zero drift checked.

Note: DP transmitter is a pneumatic type transmitter that provides 3 to 15 psi output.

The crew does this test thus:

  1. Open the 3 way manifold HP inlet Valve
  2. Open the bypass valve
  3. Close LP inlet valve
  4. Connect a hydraulic oil pump to the manifold HP inlet valve
Unstable & Drifting Values of Differential Pressure Transmitter

This test subjects the DPT’s DP sensing capsule to 100 bars pressure i.e., zero differential pressure under the DPT’s rated static pressure as if in service zero process flow conditions.

Under this condition, the DPT must output zero i.e., 3-psi. Hold the pressure for 5 minutes; the 3 psi output shall stay. Release the pressure and repeat the test ½ hour later. The DPT should output 3-psi.

But three tested DPTs failed the above test called the static zero test and revealed this brand DPTs poor manufacturing. Accepting the author’s advice the plant rush procured other make DPTs, which passed the static drift check.

Thanks to this bold and timely step commissioning progressed as scheduled.

Author: S. Raghava Chari

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Unstable & Drifting Values of Differential Pressure Transmitter Problem

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