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Flow Measurement

Spring Loaded Variable Area Flow Meter Working Principle

The spring loaded variable area flow meter (an extension of the variable area flow meter) uses a spring as the balancing force. This makes the flow meter independent of gravity, allowing it to be used in any plane, even upside-down.

However, in its fundamental configuration (as shown in Below Figure ), there is also a limitation: the range of movement is constrained by the linear range of the spring, and the limits of the spring deformation.

Spring Loaded Variable Area Flow meter

Spring Loaded Variable Area Flow meter Working Principle

Image Courtesy : spiraxsarco

However, another important feature is also revealed: if the pass area (the area between the float and the tube) increases at an appropriate rate, then the differential pressure across the spring loaded variable area flow meter can be directly proportional to flow.

so Spring Loaded Variable Area Flow meters can measure the rate of flow with either float movement (variable area) or with Change in Pressure (if a Differential pressure transmitter connected across it).

Advantages

  • High turndown, up to 100:1.
  • Good accuracy ±1% of reading for pipeline unit.
  • Compact – a DN100 wafer unit requires only 60 mm between flanges.
  • Suitable for many fluids.

Disadvantages

  • Can be expensive

Source : spiraxsarco

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Spring Loaded Variable Area Flow Meter Working Principle

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