Dall Tube Flow Meter Working Principle

A combination of Venturi tube and orifice plate, it features the same tapering intake portion of a venturi tube but has a ‘shoulder’ similar to the orifice plate’s exit part to create a sharp pressure drop. It is usually used in applications with larger flow rates.

The Dall tube is a shortened version of a Venturi meter, with a lower pressure drop than an orifice plate. As with these flow meters the flow rate in a Dall tube is determined by measuring the pressure drop caused by restriction in the conduit.

The pressure differential is typically measured using diaphragm pressure transducers with digital readout. Since these meters have significantly lower permanent pressure losses than orifice meters, Dall tubes are widely used for measuring the flow rate of large pipe works.

Differential pressure produced by a dall tube higher than venturi tube and nozzle, all of them having same throat diameters.

Dall Tube Flow Meter

Dall Tube Flow Meter Working Principle

Construction

Dall Flow Tube has a higher ratio of pressure developed to pressure lost than the venturi flow tube. It is more compact and is commonly used in   large flow applications.

The   tube consists  of  a  short,  straight  inlet  section followed  by  an  abrupt  decrease in  the inside diameter of the tube.   This section, called the inlet shoulder, is followed by the converging inlet cone and a diverging exit cone.

The  two  cones  are  separated by a  slot  or  gap  between  the  two  cones. The   low   pressure   is   measured   at   the slotted   throat   (area   between   the   two cones).   The high pressure is measured at the upstream edge of the inlet shoulder.

Dall Tube Construction

The dall flow tube is available in medium to very large sizes.   In the large sizes, the cost is normally less than that of a venturi flow tube.  This type of flow tube has a pressure loss of about 5%. Flow rate and pressure drop are related as shown in Equation

 V = k√Dp

where

V = volumetric flow rate

K = constant derived from the mechanical parameters of the primary elements

DP = differential pressure

Advantages :

  • Dall Flow Tube has a higher ratio of pressure developed to pressure lost than the venturi flow tube.
  • It is more compact and is commonly used in   large   flow applications.
  • Overall energy loss in terms of percentage of the Dall meter is about half that for a Venturi meter for a similar differential pressure loss.
  • Very low permanent pressure drop – energy savings
  • Easy to install – short overall lengths
  • Accurate flow metering of clean gases, liquid and steam
  • Negligible wear and erosion therefore require less maintenance/inspection

Disadvantages :

  • More complex to manufacture.
  • Sensitive to turbulence.

Applications :

  • Flow measurement in gas transmission pipelines
  • Flow metering of clean gasses
  • Single phase flow measurement of hydrocarbon gas
  • Flow measurement in circular pipes

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Dall Tube Flow Meter Working Principle

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