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Lobed Impeller Flow Meters Working Principle

Two rotating impellers, designed with a figure eight cross section, rotate in opposite directions due to the forces exerted by the gas flow being measured. The shape of the impellers prevents contact while the gap between them remains constant.

Lobed Impeller Flow Meters Working Principle

A gear drive external to the measuring chamber synchronizes the impellers. During each rotation four crescent shaped volumes are moved through the measuring chamber. The number of rotations is proportional to the flow. The rotation is coupled using an adjustable fine tooth gear train to the totalizer.

An unmeasured flow, which is a function of the pressure drop, flows through the gaps. The negative error is compensated by an adjustment. The viscosity of flow increases at high pressures and reduces the losses in the gaps which compensates for the higher losses which would otherwise exist due to the higher pressure difference.

The pulsations in the flow discharge can cause the pipe system connected to the meter to vibrate. If resonance should occur, loud noises and sudden pressure drops can result. This condition should not be allowed to occur; if necessary noise or pulsation dampers should be utilized.

Lobed Impeller Flow Meters Graph

The pressure drop results from the mechanical and dynamic resistances in the meter. The dynamic portion increases appreciably with increasing load.

Lobed impeller meters are very susceptible to contamination. Since contamination affects the pressure drop it must be monitored and the meter cleaned when required.

Lobed Impeller Flow Meters

Advantages:

– Excellent measuring accuracy for gas measurements
– No inlet and outlet sections required
– No external power supply

Limitations:

– Volume totalizer
– For gases only
– Moving parts, wear
– Flow blockage at zero flow through solid impurities
– Sluggish toward quick changes
– Also affected by quick changes at high differential pressure, danger of over speeding
– Monitoring

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