Home » Elevator PLC Ladder Logic
PLC Tutorials

Elevator PLC Ladder Logic

Design a PLC program to execute the elevator system in a 2-floor apartment using Allen Bradley PLC programming.

Elevator PLC Logic

Elevator PLC Ladder Logic

In the above picture, there are totally two floors.

There are two user panels. One is inside the lift and other is outside the lift.

Limit switches are used to locate and stop the lift at each floor.

Priority is given to the first input.

Elevator Logic Inputs and Outputs

Elevator Logic Inputs and Outputs

Elevator PLC Logic

Elevator PLC Logic

Elevator PLC Programming

3 floor elevator logic

PLC Program for Elevator

PLC based Elevator Control System

PLC Logic for Lift

Elevator Logic Description

RUNG 0000

Latching rung to operate the system through Master Start and Stop PB.

RUNG 0001

Starting the Operation using start latch, Ground floor PB is pushed to turn on latch coil to store the output of status when the ground limit switch is off.

RUNG 0002

First floor PB is pushed to turn on the latch coil to store the output of status when the First limit switch is off.

Rung 0003

Second floor  PB is pushed to turn on the latch coil to store the output of status when the Second limit switch is off.

Rung 0004, 0005, 0006

In some cases,if someone pressed ground floor PB/First floor PB, the program will check where the lift is if it is in the second floor or the first floor, Down Motor will turn ON to get the lift to the respective floor.

For interlocking, normally closed switch of ground limit switch and first-floor switch is used in Rung 0006

Rung 0007, 0008, 0009

In some cases, if someone pressed the second floor PB/First-floor Pushbuttons (PB), the program will check where the lift is, if it is in the ground floor or the first floor, UP Motor will turn ON to get the lift to the respective floor.

For interlocking, normally closed switch of second-floor limit switch and first-floor switch is used in Rung 0009

RUNG 0010, 0011

To open the lift door when it reaching floor  Binary bits are used to store the status of ground floor PB and ground Limit switch.

RUNG 0012, 0013

To open the lift door when it reaching the floor , Binary bits are used to store the status of First floor PB and First Limit switch.

RUNG 0014, 0015

To open the lift door when it reaching the floor , Binary bits are used to store the status of Third floor PB and third-floor Limit switch.

RUNG 0016

From the previous rungs memories, an Open door motor is turned ON with three interlocking like closed-door motor, Timer enables, UP/DOWN motor.

RUNG 0017

When the open door limit switch is turned to on, the Open motor door should stop and timer needs to turn on to give time delay of 5s to close door motor.

RUNG 0018

When timer done turned on, close door motor should ON until closed limit switch is turned ON.

RUNG 0019

If no PB is turned on after getting into lift takes 10secs delay to open lift door again. If any PB is pressed, it will perform the respective operations.

The program runs continuously until STOP PB is pressed

Note: We can reduce the number of memories used.

Conclusion:

The above-explained elevator control using PLC is for example only. It may vary from real-time. There are many concepts to program elevator, this program is one of the types.

Author : Hema Sundaresan

Articles You May Like :

PLC Program for Motor Starter

Academic PLC Projects List

SCADA Objective Questions

GE PLC Programming

PLC and MCC control video

Share With Your Friends

Related Articles

How to use Simulator in Siemens PLC?

S Bharadwaj Reddy

PLC Program for Mixing Tank

S Bharadwaj Reddy

PLC Analog Input Conversion Formula

S Bharadwaj Reddy

PLC Program Examples

S Bharadwaj Reddy

How Engineers Effectively do Problem-solve and Troubleshoot?

S Bharadwaj Reddy

PLC Analog Input Card Resolution Effects on Accuracy

S Bharadwaj Reddy

1 comment

Berihu welday July 20, 2019 at 11:08 am

Your Comment very good explanation

Reply

Leave a Comment

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More

Elevator PLC Ladder Logic

WordPress Image Lightbox
Send this to a friend