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Different Types of Control Valve Actuators

Fail Open (Spring-to-Open, Air-to-Close)

The actuator is spring-to-open, air-to-close type. Operation is via a normally closed 3 way, 2 position (3/2) solenoid valve.

When the solenoid is energized, valve closes and when de-energized, the valve opens. The valve will fail open in the event of loss of electrical power to the solenoid valve.

Control Valve Fail Open (Spring-to-Open, Air-to-Close)

Air pressure on the top side of the actuator diaphragm closes the valve; a spring opens the valve.

Fail Close (Spring-to-Close, Air-to-Open)

This is the reverse of the Fail Open (Spring-to-Open, Air-to-Close) type valves. The valve is springto-close and air-to-open. Operation is via a normally closed 3 way, 2 position (3/2) solenoid valve.

When the solenoid is energized, the valve opens and when de-energized, the valve closes. The valve will fail closed in the event of loss of electrical power to the solenoid valve.

Control Valve Fail Close (Spring-to-Close, Air-to-Open)

Air pressure on the underside of the actuator diaphragm opens the valve. A spring or set of springs closes the valve.

Double Acting (Air-to-Close, Air-to-Open)

This type of actuator is similar in functionality as a double acting piston cylinder. Operation is via a 4 way, 2 position (4/2) solenoid valve. Standard set-up is valve closed when solenoid valve is de-energizes and opens when energized.

There is no fail position unless provided with an auxiliary source of air supply. Note that diaphragm valves will tend to open when line pressure is present.

Control Valve Double Acting (Air-to-Close, Air-to-Open)

Alternatively, the valve can be controlled by means of two 3 way, 2 position (3/2) solenoid valves in lieu of one 4 way, 2 position (4/2) solenoid valve.

In this arrangement, one solenoid valve is allowing air to one side of actuator chamber and the other solenoid valve is venting trapped air from the other chamber via the exhaust port.

Solenoid Valves Double Acting Actuator

In this below schematic, snap acting relay is added to the control circuit and utilizing the normal air supply for pilot pressure source.

This arrangement can be used to lock the actuator in its last position in the event of loss of pilot pressure but the auxiliary air source port will be plugged.

Solenoid Valve with Auxiliary Air Pressure

Source : engvalves

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4 comments

Ramon Fernandez April 9, 2017 at 6:09 pm

Excelent Explanation, Thanks

Reply
azetou April 18, 2017 at 12:16 pm

Plz correct second paragraph title as following : (Spring to close, air to open). Thanks for sharing.

Reply
S Bharadwaj Reddy April 18, 2017 at 1:08 pm

Hi, Thank you for the correction. Updated.

Reply
azetou April 23, 2017 at 9:52 am

Thank you , Sir. Keep up the good work.

Reply

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Different Types of Control Valve Actuators

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