Questions on Pneumatic Transmitter and Repeater

Pneumatic Pressure Transmitter

Suppose you wish to calibrate a pneumatic pressure transmitter to an input range of 0 to 200 inches of water, with an output range of 3 to 15 PSI.

Complete the following calibration table showing the test pressures to use and the allowable low/high output signals for a calibrated tolerance of +/- 0.5% (of span):

Process Pressure Measurement ToleranceSuppose this transmitter is installed as part of a complete pressure measurement system (transmitter plus remote indicator and associated components), and the entire measurement system has been calibrated within the specified tolerance (± 0.5%) from beginning to end.

If the operator happens to read a process pressure of 153 inches W.C. at the indicator, how far off might the actual process pressure be from this indicated value?


Given the tolerance of ± 0.5% of the 200” span (± 1”), the actual process pressure could be as low as 152 ”W.C. or as high as 154 ”W.C.

pressure transmitter calibration table

Share with us the formula used for the above calculations using the below the comments section.

Pneumatic Pressure Repeater

Examine the diagram for a Foxboro model 139PP pneumatic pressure repeater, then identify multiple faults which could cause this instrument to:

  • Output less pressure than it should (i.e. less pneumatic signal pressure than process fluid pressure)
  • Output more pressure than it should (i.e. more pneumatic signal pressure than process fluid pressure)

For each of your identified faults, explain why the pneumatic output signal pressure will be incorrect, and also identify how to correct the problem.


Reasons for the output pressure to be too low:

  • Air supply pressure too low
  • Supply air port clogged
  • A leak in the output signal tube

Reasons for the output pressure to be too high:

  • Air supply pressure much too high
  • Vent air port clogged
  • Control valve plug not fully seating (shutting off)
  • Suppression spring too compressed

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Credits: Tony R. Kuphaldt

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