Home » Basic Calculations of Instrument Air
Guest Articles Instrumentation Design

Basic Calculations of Instrument Air

Basic Calculations of Instrument Air

Instrument air consumption shall be calculated during detail design to determine the plant utility air requirement by pneumatic operated instrument as well as package which requires air for its utility such as purging or other purpose. Instrument air consumption calculation will be the basis to size instrument air utility system which consists of air compressor, air drier, and air receiver.

Actuated valve such as shutdown valve, blowdown valve and control valve are instruments which require instrument air for their operation. Instrument air requirement of each instrument valves depends on its actuator size and its operation. Shutdown valve and blowdown valve may be considered working intermittently, while control valve  working continuously. It should be noted that the instrument air required by control valve during steady condition is much lesser than during its transient condition.

Assumption

To determine the instrument air consumption, some assumptions should be made (please note that these assumptions are for example only, not as standard reference, and may differ on each project):

Normal air consumption demand

  • Control Valve

From total number of control valve, 90% of control valve operates in stable condition hence requires steady state air consumption only, while 10% could be in unstable condition hence requires transient air consumption.

  • Shutdown valve / Blowdown valve

Shutdown valve and Blowdown valve only require instrument air when they are operating which is predominantly during start up after shutdown, so it is considered intermittent consumption and one can assume that only some number of valve are working simultaneously. It could be assumed that 10% of the valve will operate simultaneously for normal air demand calculation.

Peak air demand

From total number of control valve, 70% of control valve operates in stable condition hence requires steady state air consumption only, while 30% is in unstable condition hence requires transient air consumption.

Shutdown valve / Blowdown Valve

Let’s say 100% of the valve will operate simultaneously for normal air demand calculation.

*Note that the number of percentage state here is assumption only and may differs among each projects

Vendor data

The next step is to gather data from vendor / manufacturer catalog which provides information of instrument air consumption.

The following is data taken from catalog:

  • Control valve in stable condition 0.3 scfm
  • Control valve in unstable condition 7 scfm

For actuated valve, the instrument air consumption depends on size of actuator (swept volume) which could be obtained from vendor catalog. The required opening or closing time of the main valve will also influence the air consumption rate.

Calculation

For instrument air consumption calculation, simply multiply the number of valve in the plant with the air consumption data, then sum for all instruments. Do the calculation tabulation for both normal and peak condition. In addition, other package which requires instrument air shall also be included.

Reference : Instrumentationportal.com

Article Shared by :
B Kumar Raj

Related Articles

Signal Coupling and Cable Separation

S Bharadwaj Reddy

Normally Closed For Stop Buttons

S Bharadwaj Reddy

Basics of Fail-safe Circuits

S Bharadwaj Reddy

PLC Program for Automatic Liquid Mixing Application

S Bharadwaj Reddy

Basics of Permissive and Interlock Circuits

S Bharadwaj Reddy

PLC Program for Automatic Bottle Rejection System

S Bharadwaj Reddy

1 comment

N.Vanaraja December 3, 2017 at 4:36 pm

Thanks for sharing the information.

Please give the clarifications for the below points

control valve stable condition 0.3 scfm
control valve in unstable condition 0.7 scfm

is these values are applicable for any size of control valve actuators or not?
Please share the formula

Reply

Leave a Comment

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More