Remote Seal Differential Pressure Transmitters Principle

Diaphragm seals or Remote Seal  Differential Pressure Transmitters are traditionally used when a standard pressure transmitter should not be exposed to the process pressure directly.

Diaphragm seals typically protect the pressure transmitter from one or more damaging aspects of the process media.

Consideration for using a diaphragm seal should be made in the following circumstances.

  1. High Process Temperature
  2. Process Media is Viscous or Contains Suspended Solids
  3. Process Media is Subject to Solidifying
  4. Process Media is Corrosive
  5. Process Application Requires Sanitary Connections
  6. Process Application Subjects the Measuring Instrument to Hydrogen Permeation
  7. Tank Level Applications with Maintenance Intensive Wet Legs
  8. Tank Application with Density or Interface Measurements
  9. Measuring Instrument Requires Remote Mounting

How Do Seal Systems Work?

Diaphragm seal systems respond to changes in both process pressures as the level changes in the tank, and in static pressure over the liquid.  These variations in pressure are transmitted through an oil- filled capillary to a differential pressure transmitter-sensor. The capillaries and seals are filled with incompressible oil compatible with the process temperature, pressure, and media composition. The transmitter is commonly mounted at grade, or in close proximity to the high-pressure process connection. The change in level in tank or vessel inturn effects the HP & LP pressure points and this change in pressure will be measured using a differential pressure transmitter and then calculates equivalent level of the tank or vessel.

For applications under vacuum, the transmitter is mounted below the high-pressure connection to reduce vacuum effects on the transmitter fill fluid.  The minimum capillary length is dictated by the distance between the mounting position of the transmitter and the low-pressure connection. All cavities within the assembly are oil-filled including the diaphragm, capillary, and transmitter body.   Although manufacturing techniques help ensure a high-quality fill, temperature-induced errors are inherent to diaphragm seal systems.

 Remote Seal Differential Pressure Transmitters Calculations

Liquid Level Measurement : Closed Tank

 Remote Seal Pressure Transmitters

Determine the minimum and maximum pressure differentials to be measured

At Minimum Level i.e.

PMin = (SGp x a) – (SGf x d)

i.e. LRV when HP at bottom of tank

i.e. –URV when LP at bottom of tank

PMax = (SGp x b) – (SGf x d)

i.e. URV when HP at bottom of tank

i.e. –LRV when LP at bottom of tank


minimum level at 4mA

maximum level at 20 mA

a = distance between bottom tap and minimum level

b = distance between bottom tap and maximum level

d = distance between taps

SGf = Specific Gravity of capillary fill fluid

SGp = Specific Gravity of process fluid

Density or Interface Measurement

Density Measurement using Remote Seal Transmitters

Calculate the minimum and maximum pressure differentials to be measured

Pmin = (SGmin – SGf) x (d);

minimum density, 4mA output

Pmax = (SGmax – SGf) x (d);

maximum density, 20mA output

Where: d = distance between the taps

SGmax = maximum Specific Gravity

SGmin = minimum Specific Gravity

SGf = Specific Gravity of capillary fill fluid

Note: The Pmin & Pmax are nothing but LRV & URV of the transmitters. These to be calculated and entered in the Remote seal DP Transmitter during calibration.

Article Source: Honeywell & Rosemount

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3 thoughts on “Remote Seal Differential Pressure Transmitters Principle”

  1. The FP range calculation is not correct / clear to me if the capillary type transmitter is mounted above the HP tapping ie Level zero by say 2 meter. Please furnish LRV calculation for this


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