Suppose a DP transmitter is connected to a process vessel so it may measure a vacuum inside that vessel. Calculate the amount of differential pressure “seen” by this DP transmitter in units of PSID, then calculate its output signal assuming a calibrated range of 0 to 380 inches water column differential and an output range of 4-20 mA:
There is definitely more than one way to calculate the transmitter’s output signal value! Outline more than one of these solutions. Furthermore, suppose an instrument technician decides to remove this transmitter from service in order to disconnect it from the process and then calibrate it back at the instrument shop.
Describe how the technician should operate the block and bleed valves to safely remove it from service, and then describe what the technician should do before operating either the block or the bleed valve to ensure no process upsets occur as a result.
DP Transmitter Block and Bleed Valves
Phigh = 748 mmHgA = 0.9842 Atm = 14.468 PSIA
Plow = 0.15 Atm = 2.205 PSIA
ΔP = 14.468 PSIA − 2.205 PSIA = 12.263 PSID
Shut the block valve first, then open the bleed valve in order to remove the transmitter from service.
Prior to operating either the block or the bleed valve, the technician should first notify operations personnel that the transmitter will be taken out of service and therefore will not register any process vacuum in the near future.
If the transmitter connects to a controller, that controller will need to be placed into manual mode. If the transmitter connects to any pressure alarms or (worse yet!) an emergency shutdown system, those alarms will have to be disabled and/or the shutdown function will have to be bypassed before taking the transmitter out of service.
Incidentally, the atmospheric pressure of 748 torr is equivalent to an altitude of 136 meters above sea level, which makes this a very realistic figure for an industrial application.
- What safety hazards might there be for a technician disconnecting and connecting a pressure transmitter to a process vessel such as this?
- Demonstrate how to estimate numerical answers for this problem without using a calculator.
- What might happen if the vent tube on the “L” side of the transmitter were to become completely plugged?
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Credits: Tony R. Kuphaldt