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Displacer Level Measurement Calculations

Displacer Level Measurement Calculations

Problem 1 :-

A steel displacer of volume 0.25 cubic feet is 50% immersed in oil of relative density 0.78;

the density of steel = 490 lbs per cubic foot

the density of water = 63 × lbs per cubic foot

Calculate the apparent weight of the displacer.

Displacer Level Transmitter Weight Calculation

true weight of displacer = 0.25 × 490 = 122.5 lbs

volume of oil displaced = 0.25 × 0.5 = 0.125 cubic feet

weight of oil displaced = (0.125 × 0.78 × 63) lbs = 6.143 lbs

∴ Apparent weight of displacer = true weight − displaced weight

Apparent weight of displacer = 122.5 − 6.143 lbs = 116.36 lbs

Problem 2 :-

A steel displacer of volume 0.1 cubic feet is to be used as a level sensor in a vessel to store water.

Calculate the following;
1:- the maximum and minimum weights of the displacer.
2:- the maximum range of level able to be sensed, if the diameter of the displ. is 2 inch.

Displacer Level Sensor Weight Formula

true weight of displacer = 0.1 × 490 lbs = 49 lbs

volume of water displaced = 0.1 cubic feet

weight of water displaced = 0.1 × 63 lbs = 6.3 lbs

∴ min. weight of the displacer = 49 − 6.3 lbs = 42.7 lbs

∴ max. weight of the displacer = 49 lbs

volume of the sensor = πr2L

Note : π = 3.142, 1 in = 1/12 ft = 0.0833ft

volume of the sensor ⇒ 0.1 ft3 = 3.142 × (0.0833)2 × L

0.1 ft3 = 0.0218 × L

hence, the length of displacer, L = 0.1 / 0.0218 = 4.587 ft , or 55 inches

Problem 3 :-

A steel displacer 1 metre long, and volume of 1000 CCs. is to be used to measure the interface level in an oil and water separator. The SG of oil is 0.78, the density of water is 1 kg/litre. Density of steel is 8000 kg per cubic meter.

Find,

1:- the diameter of the displacer.
2:- the displacer weight in air, oil & water.
3:- the “0%” and “100%” weights, if the 50% interface level is set at the displacer’s mid-point, and the span is 0.5 metres.

The displacer is assumed to be totally covered with oil or water.

Displacer Level Measurement Formula

volume of the sensor = πr2L

1000 c.c.s = 3.142 × r2 × 100 cm

thus, we now have, r2 =  1000 / (3.142 x 100 ) = 3.183 cm2

∴ the radius of displacer, r = Sqrt (3.183) cm = 1.78 cm

hence, the diameter of displacer = 1.78 × 2 cm = 3.56 cm

displacer’s weight in air = density × volume

Note that volume unit has to be inconsistent with density unit 1 ccs = 10−6 m3

= 8000 kgm−3 × (1×103/106) m3  = 8.0 kg

displacer’s weight in oil = (weight in air) − (weight loss in oil)

= 8.0 – (0.5 × 1 × 0.78) kg = 7.61 kg

displacer’s weight in water = (weight in air) − (weight loss in water)

= 8.0 – (0.5 × 1 × 1) kg = 7.50 kg

at 0% interface level, the displacer’s length will be covered 25% with water and 75% with oil. Hence, the displacer’s total weight will be made up of 75% of its weight in oil and 25% weight in water;

∴ displacer weight at 0% = (0.75 × 7.61) + (0.25 × 7.5) = 7.582 kg

at 50%, the displacer’s total weight will be made up of 50% weight in water, and 50% weight in oil;

∴ displacer weight at 50% = (0.5 × 7.61) + (0.5 × 7.5) = 7.555 kg

at 100%, the displacer’s total weight will be made up of 75% weight in water, and 25% weight in oil;

∴ displacer weight at 50% = (0.25 × 7.61) + (0.75 × 7.5) = 7.527 kg

Article Source : N. Asyiddin

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