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Types of Pilot Operated Diaphragm Solenoid Valve Principle

2/2 Pilot Operated Diaphragm Solenoid Valve : Normally Closed

Pilot Operated Diaphragm Solenoid Valve Principle

To open: when the valve receives an electrical signal, a magnetic field is formed which attracts the plunger covering the pilot orifice to lift off, causing system pressure (holding the diaphragm/piston closed) to drop. As system pressure on the top of the diaphragm/piston is reduced, full system pressure on the other side of the diaphragm/piston acts to lift the diaphragm/piston away from the main orifice, which allows media flow through the valve. Since the bleed orifice is dimensionally smaller than the pilot orifice, the system pressure can t rebuild on the top of the diaphragm/piston as long as the pilot orifice remains open.

Pilot Operated Diaphragm Solenoid Valve Symbol

To close: when the valve is de-energized, it releases its hold on the plunger. Then the plunger drops and covers the main orifice. The system pressure builds up on the top of the diaphragm/piston through the bleed orifice, forcing the diaphragm/piston down until it covers the main orifice and stops media flow through the valve

2/2 Pilot Operated Diaphragm Solenoid Valve : Normally Open

Pilot Operated Diaphragm Solenoid Valve Normally Open

To close: when the valve is energized, it attracts the plunger. Then the plunger covers the pilot orifice. The system pressure builds up on the top of the diaphragm/piston through the bleed orifice, forcing the diaphragm/piston down until it covers the main orifice and stops media flow through the valve.

Pilot SOV symbol

To open: when the valve is de-energized, it releases its hold on the plunger. The plunger uncovers the pilot orifice causing system pressure holding the diaphragm/piston closed to drop. As system pressure on the top of the diaphragm/piston is reduced, full system pressure on the opposite side of the diaphragm/piston acts to lift the diaphragm/piston away from the main orifice, which allows the full media flow through the valve.

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1 comment

Girish. December 19, 2016 at 8:06 pm

Which book reffer for instrument knowledge

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