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Relay Principle & its Types

S Bharadwaj Reddy
A relay is an electrically operated switch. Many relays use an electromagnet to mechanically operate a switch, but other operating principles are also used, such as solid-state relays. Relays are

Radiometric level measurement Working Principle

S Bharadwaj Reddy
The radiometric level measurements work non-contacting and non-intrusive. As the components are mounted on the outer wall, they do not come into contact with the measured material and are therefore

Ultrasonic FlowMeters Working Principle

S Bharadwaj Reddy
Ultrasonic flowmeters operate using the transit-time differential method. The Transit-time differential measurement is based on a simple physical fact. Imagine two canoes crossing a river on the same diagonal line,

Stepper Motor Working Principle

S Bharadwaj Reddy
Stepper motors are DC motors that move in discrete steps. They have multiple coils that are organized in groups called “phases”. By energizing each phase in sequence, the motor will

TOC Analyzer Working Principle

S Bharadwaj Reddy
Total Organic Carbon (TOC) measurement is commonly used to determine the degree of organic contamination in water. Total Organic Carbon (TOC) is an indirect measure of organic molecules present in

Spring and Diaphragm Pneumatic Actuators

S Bharadwaj Reddy
Spring and diaphragm pneumatic actuators can be “direct-acting”, meaning that air to the diaphragm casing pushes the actuator stem downward. This “air-to-close” action compresses the spring, which in turn pushes

Encoder Working Principle

S Bharadwaj Reddy
Encoders are used to translate rotary or linear motion into a digital signal. Usually this is for the purpose of monitoring or controlling motion parameters such as speed, rate, direction,

Argonite Fire Suppression System Working Principle

S Bharadwaj Reddy
Argonite is a composite gas that consists of 50% Nitrogen and 50% Argon. The gas is mixed and stored under pressure. The composite is completely inactive and is not involved

Argonite/CO2 Flooding System Master & Slave Cylinder Operation

S Bharadwaj Reddy
Argonite/Co2 Flooding System Master & Slave Cylinder Operation Generally we found series of cylinders installed near to control rooms, turbines, electronic/electrical equipment etc… to extinguish the fire in case of

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