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PLC Program for Food Processing Industry

This is PLC Program to detect burned chips and remove them by using PLC.

Problem Description:-

Potato chips are made in company and send to final packing. As per the process we need to identify the chips because in chips some chips might be burned. Burned chips should be removed from the conveyor. Make PLC program for the application which can detect burned chips and remove them.

Problem Diagram

PLC Program for Food Processing

Problem Solution.

  • To detect burned chips light sensor are used. Light dependent resistors (LDR) are used to detect the burned chips.
  • Blowers are used to throw away the burned chips from the conveyor whenever burned chips detected.
  • Blowers are used to throw away burned chips from the conveyor. Here we used 2 blowers, number of blowers depend on the size of the conveyor.
  • Time measurement is necessary for blower cycle. Here we measure time taken by chips to reach from light source to blower.

Note:- Here we consider simple application for detecting burned chips on the conveyor and remove them. We have taken here light source to detect burned chips on the bases of darkness of the chips.

Program

Here is PLC program to detect burned chips and remove them by using PLC.

List of inputs/outputs

Digital Inputs

  • START PB:-I0.0
  • STOP PB:-I0.1
  • LDR 1:-I0.2
  • LDR 2:-I0.3

Digital Outputs

  • Cycle ON:-Q0.0
  • Conveyor: – Q0.1
  • Light source:-Q0.2
  • Blower 1:- Q0.3
  • Blower 2:- Q0.4

M memory

  • Relay coil 1:M0.0
  • Relay coil 2: M0.1

Ladder diagram for detecting burned chips and remove them by using PLC.

PLC Ladder Logic for Food Processing - 1

Program Description

For this application we use S7-300 PLC and TIA portal software for programming. We can implement this logic by using other PLC also.

Network 1: In first network we used latching circuit for cycle ON. Here we used START PB (I0.0 ) to start the cycle and STOP PB (I0.1) to stop the cycle.

Network 2: When cycle is ON (Q0.0), Conveyor (Q0.1) and light source (Q0.2) will be ON.

Network 3: Cycle is ON and LDR 1 (I0.2) is detected, Relay coil 1(M0.0) will be ON

Network 4: Cycle is ON and LDR 2 (I0.3) is detected, Relay coil 2 (M0.1) will be ON

Network 5: Either relay coil 1 (M0.0) or relay coil 2 (M0.1) is ON, Timer instruction will be executed. During this operation cycle is ON.

Network 6: When cycle is ON (Q0.0) and timer output is ON, blower 1 will be ON.

Network 7: When cycle is ON (Q0.0) and timer output is ON, blower 2 will be ON.

When LDR sensors detect burned chips on the conveyor, blower’s timer (20s) will be ON and it will throw away the burned chips from the conveyor. Here we assumed 20s travelling time taken by chips to reach from light source to blowers.

Number of blowers is depended on the size of the conveyor.

Note:- Above application may be different from actual application. This example is only for explanation purpose only. We can implement this logic in other PLC also. This is the simple concept of detecting burned chips on the conveyor and remove them by PLC logic. All parameters considered in example are for explanation purpose only, parameters may be different in actual applications.

Runtime Test Cases

PLC Program for Food Processing Industry

Author : Bhavesh

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