In a two plant system, the load is connected to plant number 2. The loss coefficients are
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Units of incremental cost is
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The receiving end voltage for a long line under no load condition is
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The incremental fuel costs for two generating units G_{1} and G_{2} are given by I_{c1} = 25 + 0.2 P_{G1} and I_{c2} = 32 + 0.2 P_{G2}, where P_{G1} and P_{G2} are real powers generated by the units. The economic allocation for a total load of 250 MW, neglecting transmission loss, is given by
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The economics of power plant is greatly influenced by
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Power system network has a total power of 5000 MW at 50 Hz supplying to the different consumers. Frequency is varying at 1.5% per change of 2% load. Assume R =0.004 Hz/MW. Find the steady state frequency deviation if a sudden loss of 200 MW occur due to tripping of one of the transmission line?
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A 200 MVA alternator operated at no load at frequency of 50 Hz, it has inertia constant of 5 MWsec/MVA and governing system has a time delay of 0.6 sec. If the load of 50 MW is suddenly applied then find the frequency deviation during this time?
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The equation of area control error(ACE) is
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The Gauss Seidel load flow method has following disadvantages. Which of the following statement is wrong?
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The Y bus matrix of 100 bus interconnected system is 90% sparse. Hence the number of transmission lines in the system must be
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Two generating stations delivering a powers of P_{1} = 150 MW, P_{2} =100 MW and the B coefficients are B_{11} = 0.005, B_{22} = 0.002, B_{12}=B_{21}= 0.001. Find the transmission line losses?
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Length of short transmission line is up to
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The advantage of hydroelectric power station over thermal power station is
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In order to have lower cost of power generaion
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A 200 MW capacity generator has a speed regulation of 4% for a frequency drop of 0.05 Hz. Find the power input supplied by the turbine for maintaining constant frequency?
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A load centre is at an equidistant from the two thermal generating stations G_{1} and G_{2}. The fuel cost characteristics of the generating stations are given by F_{1} = a + bP_{1} + cP²_{1} F_{2} = a + b P_{2} + 2cP²_{2} Where P_{1} and P_{2} are the generation in MW of G_{1} and G_{2}, respectively. For most economic generation to meet 300 MW of load, P_{1} and P_{2} respectively, are
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A 100 MVA alternator operating at full load at 50 Hz. H = 4 MWsec/MVA, T_{d} = 0.5 sec. One of the transmission line is tripped. So that output of generator is reduced to 70 MW. Find the frequency deviation during this time?
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Incremental cost of two generators I_{c1} = 0.2 P_{1}+60, I_{c2} = 0.3 P_{2}+40 and the ratings of the generator are 150 and 250 MW. Find the load sharing of each generator for a load of 200 MW?
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Radio interference occur in telecommunication line due to
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If, for a given alternator in economic operation mode, the incremental cost is given by (0.012 P + 8) Rs/MWh, dP_{L}/dP = 0.2 and plant λ = 25, then power generation is
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A lossless power system has to serve a load of 250 MW. There are two generators(G_{1} and G_{2}) in the system with cost curves C_{1} and C_{2} respectively defined as follows: C_{1} = P_{G1}+0.055P²_{G1} C_{C2} = 3 P_{G2} + 0.03 P²_{G2} Where P_{G1} and P_{G2} are the MW injections from generators G_{1} and G_{2} respectively. Thus, the minimum cost dispatch will be
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In load flow studies PV bus is treated as PQ bus when
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Normally Z bus matrix is a
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In which of the following frequency control method tie line may be overloaded?
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As the frequency of the system is increased, the charging MVAR
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The power generated by two plants are; P_{1} = 50 MW, P_{2} = 40 MW. If the loss coefficients are B_{11} = 0.001, B_{22} = 0.0025 and B_{12} = 0.0005, then power loss will be
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A sort line with R/X ratio 1, the zero regulation is obtained when the power factor of the load is
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If the penalty factor of a plant is unity, its incremental transmission loss is
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A power system consists of 300 buses out of which 20 buses are generator buses, 25 buses are the ones with reactive power support buses and 15 buses are ones with fixed shunt capacitors. All the other buses are load buses. It is proposed to perform a load flow analysis for the system using NewtonRaphson Jacobian matrix is