Electrical Machines Objective Questions
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A 220 V, DC shunt motor is operating at a speed of 1440 rpm. The armature resistance is 1.0 Ω and armature current is 10 A. of the excitation of the machine is reduced by 10%, the extra resistance to be put in the armature circuit to maintain the same speed and torque will be
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A DC shunt machine generates 250 V on open circuit at 1000 RPM. Armature resistance is 0.5 Ω, field resistance 250 Ω. When running as a motor takes 4 A at 250 V. Calculate the efficiency when running as a motor taking 40 A at 250 V. Armature reaction weakens the field by 4%.
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A DC series motor drawing an armature current of Ia is operating under saturated magnetic conditions. The torque developed in the motor is proportional to
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A 220 ,V 15 , kW 100 rpm shunt motor with armature resistance of 0.25 , W has a rated line current of 68 A and a rated field current of 2.2 A. The change in field flux required to obtain a speed of 1600 rpm while drawing a line current of 52.8 A and a field current of 1.8 A is
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A dc shunt motor runs at a noload speed of 1140 rpm. At full load, armature reaction weakens the main flux by 5% whereas the armature circuit voltage drops by 10%. The motor fullload speed in rpm is
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A dc series motor driving and electric train faces a constant power load. It is running at rated speed and rated voltage. If the speed has to be brought down to 0.25 p.u. the supply voltage has to be approximately brought down to
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A dc shunt motor has external resistance R_{a} and R_{f} in the armature and field circuits respectively. Armature current at starting can be reduced by keeping
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DC generators are usually designed to develop armature voltages not exceeding 650 V because of the limitations imposed by
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A separately excited DC motor runs at 1500 rpm under noload with 200 V applied to the armature. The field voltage is maintained at its rated value. The speed of the motor, when it delivers a torque of 5 Nm, is 1400 rpm as shown in figure. The rotational losses and armature reaction are neglected. For the motor to deliver a torque of 2.5 Nm at 1400 rpm, the armature voltage to be applied is
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A 240 V, dc shunt motor draws 15 A while supplying the rated load at a speed of 80 rad/s. The armature resistance is 0.5 W and the field winding resistance is 80 W. The external resistance to be added in the armature circuit to limit the armature current to 125% of its rated value is
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A cumulatively compounded dc motor delivers rated load power at rated speed. If the series field is shortcircuited, then
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A 240 V dc series motor takes 40 A when giving its rated output at 1500 rpm. Its resistance is 0.3 Ω. The value of resistance which must be added to obtain rated torque at 1000 rpm is
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If the speed of a dc motor increases with load torque, then it is a
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A compound dc generator is delivering full load current at a terminal voltage of 230 V. Its seriesfield winding gets short circuited. If its terminal voltage 1. becomes more than 230 V, it is overcompounded generator 2. becomes more than 230 V, it is differentially compounded generator 3. becomes less than 230 V, it is overcompounded generator 4. becomes less than 230 V, it is differentially compounded generator 5. becomes less than 230 V, it is level compounded generator From these, the correct answer is
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A 200 V DC machine supplies 20 A at 200 V as a generator. The armature resistance is 0.2 Ω. If the machine is now operated as a motor at same terminal voltage and current but with the flux increased by 10%, the ratio of motor speed to generator speed is
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Consider the following statements: To control the speed of a dc shunt motor above the base speed over a reasonably wide range, the motor must 1. have compensating winding 2. have interpole winding 3. be started using a 3point starter 4. be started using a 4point starter Of these statements
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For a DC machine having P no of pole pairs Z no of conductors having length L of resistivity ρ and cross section S are arranged. what is the armature resistance for lapwinding ?
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Consider the following statements regarding the speed control of dc motors : 1. wardleonard method is suitable forconstanttorque drives 2. Wardleonard method is suitable for constantpower drives 3. fieldcontrol method facilitates speed control below base speed 4. Armatureresistance control method is more efficient than wardleanard method 5. Fieldcontrol method is suitable for constanttorque drives 6. Armatureresistance control method is suitable for constanttorque drives From these, the correct answer is
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In a DC series generator, the terminal voltage with increase in load will
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The following statements relate to compensating winding (CW) and interpole winding (IW) of a dc machine : 1. CW neutralizes the armature reaction under a pole pitch 2. IW is connected in series with armature circuit 3. IW produces mmf in the commutating zone only 4. CWmmf is directed along the brush axis 5. Mmf produced by IW is equal to armature mmf From these, the correct statements are
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Under which of the following conditions is a dc motor provided with compensating winding used ? 1. Wide range of speed control above normal 2. Wide range of steady load variation with no speed control 3.Wide range of rapid variation in load Select the correct answer using the codes given below : Codes :
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A 8pole, DC generator has a simplex wavewound armature containing 32 coils of 6 turns each. Its flux per pole is 0.06 Wb. The machine is running at 250 rpm. The induced armature voltage is
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If the field of a dc shunt motor gets opened while the motor is running, then the
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For a DC machine having P no of pole pairs, Z no of conductors having length L of resistivity ρ and cross section S are arranged. what is the armature resistance for simple wavewinding ?
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For a DC machine having P no of pair of pole pairs, Z no of conductors having length L of resistivity ρ and cross section S are arranged. what is the armature resistance?
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A 240 V, dc shunt motor draws 15 A while supplying the rated load at a speed of 80 rad/s. The armature resistance is 0.5 W and the field winding resistance is 80 W. The net voltage across the armature resistance at the time of plugging will be
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A DC cumulatively compounded motor delivers rated load torque at rated speed. If the series field is shortcircuited, then the armature current and speed will
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Consider the following statements : For a level compounded dc generator to run at constant voltage, the series field mmf must effectively compensate 1. armature reaction mmf 2.armature resistance drop 3. brush contact voltage drop Which of these statements is/are correct ?
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φA DC shunt machine generates 250 V on open circuit at 1000 RPM. Armature resistance is 0.5 Ω, field resistance 250 Ω. When running as a motor takes 4 A at 250 V. Calculate the speed when running as a motor taking 40 A at 250 V. Armature reaction weakens the field by 4%.
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There are two 2pole DC machines. Main field axis of machine A is horizontal and that of B is vertical. It is preferable to purchase
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